How the US destroyed the Black Panther Party and continues to persecute its
by John Bowman
Black Panther veteran John Bowman, called to appear before a grand jury in San
Francisco, is currently in jail with four other BPP veterans (see "Black
Panther veterans jailed in San Francisco: Panthers still treated as nation's
'greatest threat to internal security'" in the Oct. 26 Bay View, at
This statement was recorded by Claude Marks, founder and director of Freedom Archives,
522 Valencia St., San Francisco CA 94110, who can be reached at (415) 863-9977,
It was clear to me that the federal government tried to destroy and did
destroy the Black Panther Party and tried to destroy me as a member of the
Black Panther Party. They used deceit, they used false information, they also
participated in overt assaults on people's lives.
I was assaulted, and two other people were assaulted and shot and imprisoned
in Los Angeles. I was imprisoned for six years for assault with intent to
commit murder on police officers, when in fact it was the police who initiated
the assault - and eventually charges was dropped. It was clear to me then that
this was an attack to destroy us, and I survived. And in 2003, it became clear
to me that they wanted to continue their campaign to destroy me by visiting
me, accusing me and wanting to talk to me about things that happened in 1971.
From 1968 to 1973, I experienced false arrests, I experienced assassination
attempts, I experienced being railroaded through the courts, I experienced
police brutality, experienced torture - because of my association with this
organization called the Black Panther Party for Self Defense. So how does it
make me feel in 2005? I feel like it's something that's never gonna end, that
my commitment is being challenged again by the United States government.
Because of the commitment that I made in 1967, I'm still being persecuted and
punished for that commitment and believing in the 10-point program of the
Black Panther Party and implementing some of the programs of the Black Panther
Party in some of the social programs that myself and my colleagues are doing.
So, I'm very concerned. I'm angry. I don't feel like it's right, and I don't
feel like it's something that should go unnoticed, and I don't feel like the
government should be able to get away with this continuous harassment.
The same people who tried to kill me in 1973 are the same people who are here
today, in 2005, trying to destroy me. I mean it literally. I mean there were
people from the forces of the San Francisco Police Department who participated
in harassment, torture and my interrogation in 1973. And these same people I
have to come in contact with, I have to go before courts in front of, who are
asking me the same questions that they interrogated and tortured me for.
I have to be confronted with these people, and none of these people have ever
been brought to trial. None of these people have ever been charged with
anything. None of these people have ever been questioned about that. So I
think if they have to put me in court, I think they should be brought to court
and questioned about their behavior as it related to John Bowman, Harold
Taylor and Ruben Scott and dozens of other people in New Orleans in 1973.
So if I have to be brought before a grand jury and questioned in secret, where
no one is there but the grand jurors, John Bowman, the U.S. Attorney and the
state's Attorney (General) - no lawyer for me. Why can't there be some forum
where some questions are put to the police department from San Francisco about
their behavior in 1973, which is the basis of this grand jury investigation
today. That's what I'm asking for is some justice.
What makes John Bowman tick? Well, one of the things that makes me tick is
that I have two children. I have 28 nephews and nieces who I care quite a bit
about. I'm a man [who thinks] that each one could teach one and that each
person has an obligation to give something to the community in which he
dwells. I learned that concept and principle through my parents. I learned
that by growing up in what is now called the Western Addition, but [which was
then called] the Fillmore district of San Francisco, where I went to school
and where I was raised.
It took awhile for me to understand who I was. In fact, I had dropped out of
high school. There was a program in the community called the Neighborhood
Youth Corps program, and I had a job counselor who gave me books, Malcolm X's
autobiography, and James Baldwin's book, "Go Tell It on the Mountain." So I
read the books, and that excited me quite a bit. And then I heard about Huey
P. Newton and the Black Panther Party. So I was beginning to be socially
conscious [when I was] 17 years old.
So who am I right now? I'm 57 years old and still feel like I need to
contribute to my community and contribute to my family. That's what I try to
do on a daily basis. One of the things that I was able to do is to appreciate
the programs that would give things to the people, and one of the things that
attracted me to the Black Panther Party was their 10-point platform and
program, which spoke to the issues of housing, education and employment, spoke
to issues of social justice and justice in the criminal justice system.
And in my community, in the Fillmore district, there was lots of social
injustice, there were lots of businesses that didn't contribute anything,
there was dilapidated housing and absent landlords and all of that was just
pressing me. I felt like it was time for me to do something besides just talk
about it. And that's when I decided to pay attention to the 10-point program
of the Black Panther Party. So I joined their organization, and I began to
work with their programs - the breakfast programs, collecting medical
supplies, having a clinic and programs inside the housing projects, working
with tenants and families, organizing rent strikes. Those are the kind of
things that shaped and molded me to be a contributor to the community.
The Black Panther Party was educating people to some of the realities, some of
the criminal realities of the system that was governing them. In the local
communities and nationally, the Black Panther Party was, through its
newspaper, educating people to what is wrong about the structure and the
policies of housing, what is wrong about the prison systems and about the
criminal justice systems. And people began to listen to the Black Panther
Party, and they began to support the Black Panther Party.
The environment was very oppressive. The Tac Squad that was created by Joseph
Alioto [former San Francisco mayor], their task was to disrupt our function.
And we would get pulled over if we were driving, if we were walking. We would
get held up on the streets, we'd be laid down in the streets. We would have
AR-15s or machine guns pointed at us. That's when I first learned got
introduced to AR-15 automatic weapons through watching the Tac Squad put them
in my face and other members of the party.
Wherever we would go, they would come and disrupt. They would kick in our
doors. Or they would sit outside our houses waiting for us to come home. And
when we got home, before we got into our house, they would search us. So it
became very clear to me that not only was this a social service program that
they were attacking, they were attacking me as a person because of my beliefs.
This is when I began to feel that my life was in danger, always. Because
everywhere I went, I had to be confronted with police. Organized harassment is
what we came to realize was taking place against us. And as a means to protect
ourselves, we had to go out in groups of threes and fours, even if just to
sell newspapers or to go to community meetings and set up community meetings.
It was clear that things had changed and that on a national level, the Black
Panther Party was the focus of an organized attack against the leadership. In
Chicago and in New York, in San Diego and in Los Angeles, there was people
dying, people being assassinated in their cars. Fred Hampton himself, who was
a member and a leader in Chicago, he was assassinated [as was Mark Clark]. And
there was people assassinated in New York City and people arrested by the
dozens in New York City.
So it was clear to us here in San Francisco that something like that was gonna
happen to us. And eventually it did happen, where our office got raided on
Fillmore Street. And they shot tear gas in our office. And they didn't shoot
anybody, but they destroyed thousands of dollars of materials and food and
medical supplies. And then simultaneously they raided different homes that
people were living in.
So it was clear to us that this is what it was gonna be about. It was gonna be
about us being violently attacked and unjustly shot and put in jail. We knew
it was the local police, but we didn't know [at that time] it was coordinated
by the FBI and the CIA and the United States government. So what we were going
to do about it, we had no idea.
The Black Panther Party built coalitions with people who were against the
Vietnam War, who were against the murders of citizens in El Salvador, Honduras
and Guatemala, with people who were against apartheid in South Africa, people
who were on college campuses who wanted to protest the war and protest
exploitation of people of color all across the world. The Black Panther Party
even went as far as to communicate with other governments - the Vietnamese
government, the North Korean government, the ANC government, the organization
that Nelson Mandela was a part of which is called the African National
We all had one thing in common: We all were being oppressed. And there was a
need to stop war and a need to stop oppressing and exploiting people. And the
Black Panther Party was a very vocal part of this movement on a worldwide
basis. This is why the Black Panther Party took the brunt of all the murder of
its membership and the jailing of all its membership, because we were an
organization that was very vocal.
People embraced the Black Panther Party, and that's why the federal government
created a program called the Cointelpro program. And that's why they had a
Senate committee hearing, and people admitted that J. Edgar Hoover
orchestrated and created mass hysteria and mass murder, because of our
relationships with people all over the world. Eldridge Cleaver and Don Cox and
Kathleen Cleaver and other members of the organization who went into exile
traveled all over the globe internationally and were telling people what this
government was doing and giving them documented evidence, just like Malcolm X
did when he went to Africa - he talked to people all over the African
continent about this government and its treatment of people. Well, the Black
Panther Party did the same thing.
They [opponents of the party] never talk about the relationships between
people all over the world and the Black Panther Party. They only create
criminal images of Black Panthers. So it's important that people take a
broader look as to what it is when they speak today of the Patriot Act and
Homeland Security and what does it do to affect us today, us ordinary
citizens. I think I'm a victim of the Patriot Act. We all became victims of
the Cointelpro program.
In fact, it was the Black Panther Party that enabled me to grow as a man and
as a person, because it taught principles, it taught integrity. And I've been
doing this for - I can't even count the years - 35, 40 years. And I continue
to give this example to my son, who is 19 years old, and to my daughter who is
I am a community activist. I'm a social program developer. I don't consider
myself a member of the Black Panther Party today. But I do consider myself
someone who have learnt from the principles, the basic principles and ideology
of the Black Panther Party, which was to reform and revolutionize the social
system so Black people and all people could benefit more from it.
The Freedom Archives
522 Valencia Street
San Francisco, CA 94110
Questions and comments may be sent to
Five San Francisco Grand Jury resisters were released today. They were all
happy to get out as the Grand Jury term expired today and they send everyone
their thanks for all the support they've received. "But it ain't over yet!"
(Reported by Claude of Freedom Archives this date).
John Bowman was one of them. This is a must read statement from a brother I
know has been serving the people, esp. Black people, for some 40 years. His
current home is in Oklahoma, but he began his lifetime of struggle right here
in the Fillmore District of S.F. We owe him at least a debt of gratitude. Keep
him free. Raise some hell about these grand jury witch hunts in an obvious
attempt to put all our veteran freedom fighters behind walls.
Love and solidarity